Moscow Metro Station is the most beautiful and luxurious metro station in the world, just like a huge underground art gallery.
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The Moscow Metro was built in the 1930s. At that time, Soviet leader Stalin used the subway as an ideological propaganda tool. He said: The subway must have the function of educating the people. At that time, the most outstanding architects and artists of the Soviet Union were assembled, and a large number of “tall” subway stations were built at any cost, which is very communist-chan. Although it costs a lot of money and labor, it has left an extremely precious artistic wealth for future generations.
The Moscow metro system consists of 14 lines (four of which will be connected in pairs in subsequent construction), with a total length of 360 kilometers, a total of 212 stations, 44 of which are listed as cultural heritage, and more than 40 metro stations are architectural monuments. It is the sixth busiest subway system in the world in terms of passenger flow (after Beijing, Tokyo, Shanghai, Seoul, and Guangzhou).
Each subway station has a unique shape and style, elegant and gorgeous, worth exploring, designed by a separate architect, and there are many renowned masters among them. Among the more than 200 subway stations, there will never be two that are the same. Each subway station uses stone from more than 20 different origins in the former Soviet Union Ural Mountains, Altai, Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Ukraine, and paves the walls and floors, as well as reliefs and mosaics composed of marble, granite, ceramics, and multicolored glass. The mosaic paintings are dazzling and completely subvert the concept of the subway.
In the initial stage of the construction of the Moscow subway, considering its military function, Stalin asked to dig deep at all costs. The subway with a maximum depth of 100 meters played an important role in the Great Patriotic War. In addition to becoming a well-equipped wartime headquarters, It can also serve as a wartime shelter, makeshift hospital, an air-raid shelter.
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I remember the day I went to watch the semi-finals. When I got up from the subway, the Croatian fans and the English fans each occupied an ascending elevator to sing to each other. I held the phone and recorded the video for more than two minutes. Of course, there is another reason: this day is a match day, so you can take the subway with your FAN ID card! flower! money!
The Komsomolskaya Station of Line 5 (Комсомольская)
Built in 1952, has a Baroque style and is the pinnacle of Stalin’s empire architecture. Marble columns, elegant chandeliers, like a luxurious underground palace. The bright yellow mortar vault is dotted with exquisite mosaic mosaics on both sides, depicting famous generals, including Alexander Suvorov, Kutuzov, Peter the Great, Dmitry Donskoy, etc.
Line 5 Kiev Station (Киевская)
Built in 1954, the murals reflect the scenery and history of Ukraine. The sturdy Cossacks on the Don River, beautiful Ukrainian girls and ethnic dances, the beautiful scenery of Crimea and the Black Sea, and the gorgeous hollow plaster frames are the pinnacle of luxurious decoration of subway stations. Near the exit is the Kiev railway station leading to Ukraine.
Line 5 Xinzhuang Station (Новослободская)
Built in 1952, the designer is Alexey Dushkin, there are 32 brilliant stained glass murals, reminiscent of the glass windows in the church. Six of them describe the lives of the socialist people.
The Belarusian Station of Line 5 (БЕЛОРУССКАЯ)
Opened in 1952, is named because the exit is the railway station leading to Belarus. The sculptures are guerrillas, mostly scenes of people living, working, and fighting in Belarus. It was once the seat of the highest combat command of the Soviet Army during the Great Patriotic War.
Line 2 Mayakovs base station (Маяковская)
Built in 1938, belongs to the Stalinist neoclassical style. It won the design gold medal at the 1938 New York International Exhibition. The marble arches on both sides of the platform hall are inlaid with gleaming stainless steel. On the dome is a circle of illuminators, inlaid with mosaic murals by the famous Soviet painter Deineka, a total of 31 pieces. The name of the station is to commemorate the Soviet revolutionary poet Mayakovsky. There is a bust of him at the end of the platform hall. The party congress was once held here.
The Revolution Square Station (Площадь)
Line 3 was built in 1938. Since it is located near the underside of the Red Field, it must be “rooted in red.” The designer set up a pair of two-person-high bronze statues at the entrance of each porch, a total of 72 statues, including workers, farmers, students, soldiers of the three services, athletes, etc., everyone maintains a squat posture, or holds a weapon, or Gearing up, frowning one by one, as if waiting for the order to leave immediately.
1. The one-ticket system is divided into a single ticket, multiple tickets, day tickets, etc. You can transfer freely on the way.
2. There are many different routes at the transfer point, and the names of subway stations are different for different routes, which means that a subway station will have several different names.
3. Ticket check/swipe only at the entrance, no payment when leaving the station.
4. It is best to prepare change before buying a ticket
5. The subway runs from 5:30 to 1:30 in the morning. It is not recommended to ride too late.
Although there are people coming and going in the subway, there is no hustle and noise, and no commercial advertisements to win over and kidnap people’s hearts. As far as I can see, there are only those exquisite murals and lifelike sculptures that have stayed in the last century. Art, history, public transportation, and society are perfectly integrated 100 meters underground. Sitting in an old subway car, passing platform after platform, as if experiencing the complete story from the Soviet Union to Russia.
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